Through the powers vested in it by the government and defined by the Professional Code, a professional order can regulate various aspects of the practice of its members.
A regulation establishes principles, standards, prescriptions and prohibitions. In this respect, professional orders play a major role because they formulate and adopt:
- regulations relating to the control of titles and the right to practise a profession, such as diploma and training equivalents and permit categories
- regulations regarding the standards of practice of a profession, for example, the code of ethics, which defines the elements of professional practice, including the context of such practice, confers certain rights on the public, and, to these ends, imposes obligations on professionals
- regulations regarding the supervision of the practice of a profession, which establish different mechanisms and their procedures, such as professional inspection and the conciliation and arbitration of accounts
- regulations regarding the order’s internal affairs
Many of these regulations are compulsory. Other regulations are optional, in other words, it is up to each order to decide whether to employ them.
The mode of adopting and approving regulations varies depending on their nature. Regulations are published in the Gazette officielle du Québec and have the force of law.