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Types of professions and orders

Although the 54 regulated professions are all subject to the Professional Code, certain distinctive attributes characterize different types of professions and orders.

Profession with a reserved title

To begin with, some regulated professions are qualified as professions with reserved titles. This means that the members of the order in question, with the exception of several health-related professions, do not have the exclusive right to practise the professional activities in their field. For instance, someone can provide translation services without being a member of the Ordre des traducteurs, terminologues et interprètes agréés du Québec on the condition of not using the title of Certified Translator, which is reserved to members of the Order. Similarly, someone could provide administrative services without being a member of the Ordre des administrateurs agréés du Québec on the condition of not using the title of Chartered Administrator or the abbreviation C.Adm. which are reserved to members of the Order.

There are 26 professions with reserved titles and they are grouped into 21 professional orders. The numbers in superscript indicate the number of other professions belonging to the order:

  • Chartered Administrators
  • Audiologists(1)
  • Certified Human Resources and Industrial Relations Counsellors
  • Guidance Counsellors
  • Criminologists
  • Dieticians
  • Occupational Therapists
  • Chartered Appraisers
  • Dental Hygienists
  • Nursing Assistants
  • Registered Respiratory Therapists
  • Certified Interpreters (2)
  • Speech Therapists(1)
  • Physiotherapists (3)
  • Psychoeducators
  • Psychologists
  • Sexologists
  • Dental Technicians
  • Medical Technologists
  • Professional Technologists
  • Certified Terminologists (2)
  • Marriage and Family Therapists (4)
  • Physical Rehabilitation Therapists (3)
  • Certified Translators (2)
  • Social Workers (4)
  • Urbanists

 

Professions with reserved titles and exclusive right to practise

There are also professions with reserved titles and exclusivity of practice. This means that only the members of the professional order in question are authorized to use the title, perform professional acts, and practice the activities reserved to them under the law.

The 28 professions with reserved titles and exclusive right to practise are grouped in 25 professional orders.

  • Acupuncturists
  • Agrologists
  • Architects
  • Land-surveyors
  • Hearing-aid Acousticians
  • Lawyers
  • Chemists
  • Chiropractors
  • Certified General Accountants
  • Dentists
  • Denturologists
  • Geologists
  • Bailiffs
  • Nurses
  • Engineers
  • Forest Engineers
  • Physicians
  • Veterinary Surgeons
  • Notaries
  • Dispensing Opticians
  • Optometrists
  • Pharmacists
  • Pediatricians
  • Midwives
  • Medical Imaging, Radiation Oncology, and Medical Electrophysiology Technologists (this professional order comprises 4 professions: Radiodiagnosis – Medical Imaging Technologist, Nuclear Medicine – Medical Imaging Technologist, Radio Oncology Technololgist, and Medical Electrophysiology Technologist

 

Health- and human relations-related professions

In the early 2000s a ministerial action plan was implemented to update the professional system.  Driven by a concern for the protection of the public, the government’s goal was to modernize the professional organization of health care in the public sector to improve the organization of services and speed up access to care.

Following substantial amendments to the Professional Code and some specific laws, major changes were instituted with the passage in  2002 of Bill 90, the Act to amend the Professional Code and other legislative provisions as regards to the health sector and in 2009, with the passage of Bill 21, the Act to amend the Professional Code and other legislative provisions in the field of mental health and human relations.

Implemented in 2002 and 2009, these changes concern the following 22 health and human relations professions:

  • Audiologist
  • Guidance Counsellor
  • Criminologists
  • Dietician
  • Occupational Therapist
  • Nurse
  • Nursing Assistant
  • Registered Respiratory Therapist
  • Physician
  • Speech Therapist
  • Pharmacist
  • Physiotherapist
  • Psychoeducator
  • Psychologist
  • Medical Technologist
  • Radiodiagnosis – Medical Imaging Technologist
  • Nuclear Medicine – Medical Imaging Technologist
  • Radiation Oncology Technologist
  • Medical Electrophysiology Technologist
  • Marriage and Family Therapist
  • Physical Rehabilitation Therapist
  • Social Worker

 

Beyond their differences, the professions in question share some elements of their fields of practice. They now share the common mission of informing about and promoting health to the public, and preventing illness, accidents and social problems of individuals, families and communities.

The description and intervention framework for each of these professions was updated. A field of practice now lists the principal activities of the profession as well as its purpose.

Changes were instituted concerning the exclusiveness of activities reserved to the professions of Nurse, Physician, Pharmacist, Radiodiagnosis – Medical Imaging Technologist,

Nuclear Medicine – Medical Imaging Technologist, Radiation Oncology Technologist, and Medical Electrophysiology Technologist.

The other 15 professions with reserved titles were vested with the right to exclusive practice in the form of reserved activities. Some of these reserved activities are shared by a number of different professions.

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